Forty-five million Americans suffer from a recurring disease called allergic rhinitis, also commonly known as "hay fever". Common symptoms caused by allergies are itchy eyes, sneezing, nasal stuffiness, nasal congestion and drainage, or headache. Some people experience hearing changes, scratchy sore throat, hoarseness and/or cough. Less common symptoms include dizziness, facial or throat swelling, and even respiratory problems, like asthma. Some allergy sufferers experience symptoms all year long and others find certain seasons cause allergy attacks. Symptoms are controlled best when multiple management approaches are used simultaneously. Minimizing exposure to allergens, using medications, and desensitization with allergy shots are all helpful in controlling allergy symptoms. Please Click here to read the latest allergy news on Allergy drops
Acute sinusitis may be the result of chronic allergic rhinitis, non-allergic rhinitis, or frequent upper respiratory infections. If there is sufficient inflammation of the sinus membranes to cause obstruction of the natural drainage ports into the nose, then bacterial colonization can follow leading to subsequent acute sinusitis. Symptoms can include facial pain and swelling, green or yellow discharge, persistent stuffiness and headache. Acute sinusitis is treated with antibiotics and other supportive medications including nasal sprays and mucous thinners. Your ENT physician will make the diagnosis of sinusitis by your clinical history and using sophisticated tools like a fiberoptic nasal endoscopy to directly visualize the nasal anatomy.
Chronic sinusitis can result from persistent allergic rhinitis, recurrent unresolved acute sinusitis, or structural blockage. If chronic sinusitis is severe enough, it will require surgery. Surgery can be as limited as a nasal polypectomy; however, usually endoscopic sinus surgery is required.
Nasal polyps can be the result of allergic rhinitis or recurrent infection. They sometimes can be controlled by topical nasal steroids. Frequently, polyps require surgical removal under general anesthesia.
The ear is divided into three parts: outer, middle, and inner. When an infection develops in the outer ear, it's called otis externa (swimmer's ear). When the infection develops in the middle ear, it's called otis media. The Eustachian tube connects the middle ear to the nasal passages in order to drain fluid from the ears and equalize pressure between outside and inside of the body, but when fluid or mucous builds up in the Eustachian tube, it is an easy target for infection.
Symptoms of an ear infection may include:
• Ear pain. • Fever. • Drainage from the ear that is thick and yellow or bloody. If this occurs, the eardrum has probably ruptured. • Discomfort or trouble sleeping. • Trouble hearing. • Popping, ringing, or a feeling of fullness or pressure in the ear. Children often have trouble describing this feeling. Children may rub their ears trying to relieve pressure. • Balance problems and dizziness.